The Bugatti Type 41, better known as the Royale, is a large luxury car built from 1927 to 1933 with a 4.3 m (169.3 in.) Wheelbase and a total length of 6.4 m (21 feet). . It weighs approximately 3,175 kg (7,000 lb) and uses a straight, 12,763 liter (778 cu in) eight-cylinder engine. For comparison, against the modern Rolls-Royce Phantom (produced from 2003), the Royale is about 20% longer and more than 25% heavier. This makes the Royale one of the biggest cars in the world. [1] [2]

Ettore Bugatti planned to manufacture 25 of these cars and sell them to royalty as the most luxurious car of all time, but even European royalty was not buying these things during the Great Depression, and Bugatti managed to sell only three of the seven manufactured (still there are six, one destroyed in ruins).
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Created by Ettore Bugatti, the Type 41 came about because he made an exception to the comments of an English lady who compared her cars unfavorably to those of the Rolls-Royce.

Motor

The engine construction for the Royale had a displacement of 12.7 liters. The engine was built around a single huge block and approx. 1.4 m (4.6 ft) long x 1.1 m (3.6 ft) high, it is one of the largest car engines ever manufactured, producing 205–224 kW (275–300 hp). [4] [6] Its eight cylinders, drilled at 125 mm (4.9 in.) And with a stroke length of 130 mm (5.1 in.), Each displaced more than the entire engine of the car. contemporary tourism Type 40.

It had 3 valves per cylinder (two inlets: one exhaust) driven by a centrally positioned overhead camshaft. Three bearings and only a single custom carburetor were needed. The engine was based on an aeromotor project that had been designed for the French Air Ministry, but never produced in that configuration.

The engine block and cylinder head were merged into one unit. The rectification of the engine valves was a regular maintenance requirement, and the removal of the engine valves for rectification required the removal and disassembly of the large cast iron engine.

Chassis

The chassis was understandably substantial, with a conventional semi-elliptical leaf spring suspension arrangement at the front.

At the rear, the front-facing Bugatti elliptical rooms have been complemented by a second rear-facing set.

Strangely, for the modern observer, the aluminum clutch box was attached to the chassis, not the engine, and the gearbox, also made of aluminum, was attached to the rear axle, so it was part of the suspension's unsprung mass. The clutch and gearbox were placed in strange places [citation needed] to reduce noise and increase comfort, a difficult problem in those days. The transmission was mounted at the rear to compensate for the weight of the engine.

Massive brake shoes were mechanically operated by means of cable controls: the brakes were effective, but without technical assistance it required significant muscular strength from the driver.

The car's "Roue Royale" alloy wheels measured 610 millimeters (24 inches) in diameter and were cast in one piece with the brake drums.

Controls

Reflecting some fashions based on the tradition of the time, the driver was confronted by a series of whale bone knobs, while the steering wheel was covered with nuts.

A road test carried out in 1926 by WF Bradley, at the request of Ettore Bugatti, for the magazine Autocar, proved how the exquisite construction of the chassis allowed very good and balanced handling in speed, similar to the smaller sports cars from Bugatti, despite the weight and car size.

All Royales were individually bodily. The radiator cap was an elephant, a sculpture by Ettore's brother Rembrandt Bugatti.

Production

In 1928, Ettore Bugatti stated that "this year King Alfonso of Spain will receive his Royale", but the Spanish king was deposed without receiving a Royale, and the first car to find a customer was not delivered until 1932. [4] , with a base chassis price of $ 30,000, was launched at a time when the world economy began to deteriorate in the Great Depression of the 1930s. Six Royales were built between 1929 and 1933, with only three sold to external customers. Destined for royalty, none were finally sold to royalty, and Bugatti even refused to sell one to King Zog of Albania, claiming that "the man’s table manners are beyond belief!"

Six of the seven production Royales still exist, as the prototype was destroyed in an accident in 1931,  and each has a different body, some of which have been rebuilt several times.

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